westernization of china 19th century
African nations suffered lack of trade and Socialism when the Europeans withdrew from the countries and they gained their own independence. The effect on Chinese economy was significant as they had least expected it. The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC), during the king Wu Ding's reign, who was mentioned as the twenty-first Shang king by the same.
It is clear that the western influence had negative impacts to China at first but today China has all to gain. They are building faster than their expanding middle class can keep up with (Robinson), which was the exact problem the U.S. had right before the market crashed and they fell into a recession. An example of Westernization: Meiji period, Japan, Prince Yorihito Higashifushimi in typical Western naval dress uniform with white gloves, epaulettes, medals and hat. This led to the afore-mentioned Sino-Japanese war in which Japan emerged victorious. Chinese thus developed a sense of purpose and a desire to improve their economy; it was a period of awakening the giant (Chesneaux, Marianne & Maie-Claire 53). The Western countries undermined China’s self sufficient economy, the rural homestead industries were as much adversely affected as the development that occurred in the urban market economy.
The Chinese had a vague concept of European countries and it was not until the opium war that they tried to understand the west in form of their ideologies, social and political structures. Said also argues that this relationship to the "inferior" races, in fact, works to also fortify and make coherent what is meant by "the West"; if "The Oriental is irrational, depraved (fallen), childlike, "different..." then "...the European is rational, virtuous, mature, normal." It was believed that substantial development in the country would only arise after major and dramatic changes were carried out to the social structure and individual behavior (Overholt. This category has the following 22 subcategories, out of 22 total. The Hakkas were considered to be ethnic minorities by the natives of Canton which led to a competition between the two clans in form of farming and economy.
They were thus awakened and exposed to the reality of progress (Gibson 32). There was a reduction in the Spanish silver dollar and it appreciated so much that it was abolished and the Mexican dollar introduced. The Implications The opening up of China and the subsequent catastrophic occurrences had negative impacts on the economic well being of China.
In the past, and even today, globalization has been connected to Westernization. Ancient Romans distinguished between Oriental (Eastern, or Asian) cultures like Ancient Egypt that lived in the West. The old Chinese self-sufficient economy was changing under pressure. Concepts such as use of money and development of merchant class were introduced by the ancient China. Acculturation is "the process of cultural and psychological change that takes place as a result of contact between cultural groups and their individual members.
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