types of tea plants

Flowers. Odder still, the Chinese have very little place in defining tea and its categories, considering they know more about tea than anyone. Seven Cups Fine Chinese Teas, Green Dragon Enterprises LLC © 2002-2020, Share via Email: Dealing with Tea Plant Myths, Share via Twitter: Dealing with Tea Plant Myths, Share via Facebook: Dealing with Tea Plant Myths, LuTong (795-835A.D.) Puer is also is a category of tea, but the category comes with it’s own detailed characteristics that limits it’s production to Yunnan. The different plants are tea cultivars, and to the Chinese, the idea that “all tea comes from the same plant” is absurd. Darjeeling: Mountains, colonial history and fine tea, Kangra: the fall and the rise of a tea industry, The Nilgiris: blue mountains, shola forests, and aromatic tea, Nepal: More than Darjeeling’s Himalayan cousin, Sikkim’s Temi Tea Garden: royal with a British connection, Munnar – Of tea, owned and run by the workers, Your essential guide to autumn teas or fall teas, Tea Cultures & Tea Traditions From Around The World, High tea and Afternoon tea in English tea culture, Your Complete Guide to First Flush and Second Flush Teas, The Difference Between Black and Green Tea, The Difference Between White and Green tea. Since black tea retains its flavor for several years, it has been an important item of trade for centuries, and was actually used as a form of currency in Mongolia, Tibet and Siberia during the 1800's.

This traditional Chinese tea undergoes a unique process, including withering under the strong sun and oxidation before curling and twisting. “White tea is the little baby buds,” says Hattie. Black tea remains the perennial favorite among tea drinkers. A single layer of sprigs can be placed on a tray of a food dehydrator or a microwave lined with paper towels can be used. Orange Pekoe refers to the first whole leaf that follows the bud. Machine picked teas vary in quality and may be quite good, but can't achieve the standards set by premium teas. If a tea is called Long Jing, it must conform to those standards: the tea base must be registered (which includes soil and water samples along with a documentation of farming practices) and it must also meet the requirements of the country of import in regards to the forms of contaminates. Even if you're not a fan of herbal tea, Revolution's selection of premium tisanes might make you an instant convert. As in wine, a type of tea (defined by Chinese standards) is only authentic if it includes information on the cultivar, place of origin, the particular processing, and the very defined characteristics manifest in the final product (ie. It is an interesting thought. Besides counterbalancing the bitter taste of plain black t…

The leaves which wither immediately when harvested, are rolled by the farmers in order to release the enzymes contained therein. It's the natural process by which enzymes in the tea leaf interact with oxygen after the cellular structure in the leaf has been broken. Christopher Nelson), Making Puer Tea Cakes, Enjoying Cha Guo, and Dai Minority Restaurants ›. It’s buds have a brownish hue while the larger leaves tend to be mildly serrated. They usually include the uppermost leaves and unopened buds, but also typically contains varying amounts of older leaves, stalks and stems. In the autumn, the plant displays delicate white flowers, so the shrub has more to offer than just a …

If I pay a good price for a Parmesan cheese that is labeled “Parmesan”, but it comes from Wisconsin, haven’t I been cheated? A cultivar can go unattended, that doesn’t mean it reverts back to being wild, just untended. Pekoe is the second leaf following the bud. Grown and harvested almost exclusively in China, white tea comes from the delicate buds and younger leaves of the tea plant, which are allowed to oxidize naturally. One axiom that is typically taught to new tea students is that “all tea comes from the same plant.” If these students continue to learn about tea and study Chinese tea in any depth, they will discover that this statement is almost as wrong as the old belief that black tea and green tea come from two different plants. Nigel says with certainty that puer could be made from a Longjing bush. Types of Teas and Their Health Benefits. The flavor in these leaves is much coarser and stronger. Standards need to be set that are inclusive and meaningful. The most flavorful of teas, black teas are oxidized for longer than their green and oolong … By Austin Hodge, on May 19, 2011 in: Industry News, Specialty Tea. The main defining differences between types of green tea stem from the where it is grown, the harvesting method, and the processing method. From green tea to hibiscus, from white tea to chamomile, teas are chock full of flavonoids and other healthy goodies. Cultivars are produced from select tea plants and tested for commercial viability. Nigel Melican, who is in my opinion the leading expert in commercial tea in the international market (excluding China), will do a workshop this year at the “World Tea Expo,” ironically called “Debunking Tea Myths: Don’t Lie To Your Customers.” I suggested to him during an online discussion that perhaps he might address this statement-turned-myth: that “All tea comes from the same plant.” He refused, stating that indeed it is possible to make any tea from any bush, and that he could do so with his plants in Africa and still have his product be commercially viable. There are two main types of tea plants. By contrast, many of the teas used for tea bags or iced teas are grown on large, flat, lowland areas to make it easier to harvest them by machine. Tea is produced from the evergreen Camellia sinensis plant, grown widely in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Machine picked and processed tea is the kind found in ordinary tea bags at your local supermarket. All teas – black, green, oolong, white – come from Camellia Sinensis. It is safe to say that all tea originates from the similar ancient and wild source, and it is certainly true that all tea that ends up in your cup originates from a cultivar. Required fields are marked *. In tea taxonomy, different parts of a tea plant are identified with the following terms, listed in order of quality: Flowery Pekoe is the first bud, the newest and most tender part of a plant. White tea has long been prized for its delicate flavor and aroma. While there are more than 325 varieties of genus Camellia, only two varieties of Camellia sinensis are commercially viable for producing tea: Camellia sinensis var. Therefore this resulted in the industry’s ability to legitimately say that all tea comes from the same plant (and through extrapolating: any tea can be made from any cultivar). The second variety, Camellia sinensis assamica, is native to the Assam region in India. Over the years, as the complexity of tea production has increased, with rapid changes in the climate and growing market demand for tea across the world, many varietals of the tea plant have been developed. and the fourth exiles my troubles. Different types of tea – black, green, oolong, white – are classified by the way they're processed, which results in varying levels of oxidation. First Souchong / Pekoe Souchong denotes the third leaf that follows the bud and is older and more fibrous than the first two whole leaves. You can make both red and white wine from the same grape, but you certainly can’t make a Merlot into a Malbec, the distinguishing factor here being the cultivar. New students to tea should first understand that, as the Chinese say, “You can study tea all of your life and not learn the names of all of the teas.”.

Does Drinking Tea Cause Kidney Stones? Popular tea clones used in Indian tea industry include AV2  (known for producing highly fragrant teas), TV1 (which produced high quality, although low yield crop) and TTRI 2 (for producing quality orthodox tea). Once this alteration is complete, all teas are finished by drying the leaves. Revolution makes some tasty tisanes, too, but more about that later. There are multiple cultivars being used in Darjeeling, where they are making what in many cases would be classified as wulongs, but are being sold as black tea. You can buy seeds from the local nursery or order them online. The different plants are tea cultivars, and to the Chinese, the idea that “all tea comes from the same plant” is absurd. Its name comes from the fine silvery-white hairs on the unopened buds, which give the plant a whitish appearance. The Chinese government will not allow ‘puer’ made in Guangdong province to be exported using the name puer, according to export reforms made in 2008, much to the chagrin of the Guangdong tea makers that have been faking puer for 50 years, but still says nothing about Malawi calling tea that it is making puer. Perhaps the Chinese have been excluded from setting international standards for too long (and when they were included, they were ignored if they did not agree). Use this popup to embed a mailing list sign up form. I have been reading his commentary online for years, but in this case he is wrong. So what is oxidation? These are Chinese beliefs, which are certainly the elephant in the room when it comes to Western tea education. This leaf is a bit coarser than Orange Pekoe. Green tea started the buzz for the health benefits of tea. Barley Tea. He is a wealth of information about tea and its commercial production. So you can see how complicated the issue is.

If a beverage is made from any other plant or infusion, even if it's called tea, it's really an herbal tea or tisane.

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