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One such misfortunate ship was the Titanic. It’s r… Underwater noise from drilling can disrupt the many marine animals that rely on sonar or acoustic communication, the group says. The Arctic Ocean is the shallowest ocean in the world. There are several major ports around this ocean. The ocean covers an area of 14,056,000 square kilometers or 5,427,000 square miles. The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean, adjacent seas, and parts of Alaska (United States), Northern Canada (), Finland, Greenland (), Iceland, Norway, Russia and Sweden.. Much of the ocean here is dark, blocked from sunlight by ice cover, but photographers have dived with lights to expose underwater Arctic life. North Pole’s first nautical transit was done by the submarine USS Nautilus in the year 1958 whereas the first surface nautical transit was done by the NS Arktika, an icebreaker (a ship designed specially to sail in the waters covered by ice). The Arctic Ocean is the ocean around the North Pole.The most northern parts of Eurasia and North America are around the Arctic Ocean. An icebreaker or a nuclear-powered submarine can use the Arctic Ocean to go between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.. The ocean is divided into three large water bodies on the basis of depth which are. We use cookies to improve user experience and serve interest-based ads through our advertisement partner. It covers just 3 – 4% of the earth’s surface. Because of the presence of natural gas and petroleum, this area has become a bone of contention among USA, Canada, Russia, Denmark and Norway. exploring the Arctic Ocean. In summers, its thickness is reduced to mere 2 meters whereas in winters, its thickness is around 50 meters. Location: Where is the Arctic Ocean? From 1937, Soviet Union took major control over the Arctic Ocean. Lomonosov Ridge, an underwater ridge divides the Arctic Basin or the North Polar Basin into two basins – Eurasian Basin which is 4,000 to 4,500 meters or 13,000 to 14,000 feet deep and Amerasian Basin (also called as North American or Hyperborean Basin) which is 4,000 meters or 13,000 feet deep. The U.S. and Canada both have a military presence in the Arctic, and China has recently expressed interest in expanding its influence there. It is not only the smallest ocean but also the shallowest ocean of all the five oceans. 60. It covers only 1.3% of the world's oceans. 35. (present in Russia). But why is the ocean salty? The ocean in question is actually very small and some oceanographers actually look at it as the Mediterranean Sea or simply as Atlantic Ocean’s estuary. The name Arctic is derived from the Greek word “Arktos” which means bear. Phytoplankton is the abundant plant life seen in Arctic Ocean. mile zone near the North Pole. The Arctic Ocean is located in the northern hemisphere north of 60 degrees North latitude and borders the Eurasian and North American continents and surrounds Greenland and several islands. The Arctic Ocean takes up approximately 5.4 million square miles, which is almost the size of Antarctica. 11. Arctic Ocean facts. Some of the ports are Barrow and Prudhoe (USA); Churchill, Nunavut, Inuvik etc. In 1958, the USS Nautilus submarine journeyed beneath the frozen ice of the Arctic Ocean, proving that the enormous ice sheet covers water and not land. Arctic Ocean, smallest of the world’s oceans, centring approximately on the North Pole. 22. 44. Each country has been expanding its oil and natural gas operations in the region. By using our website, you agree to the cookie and privacy policy of Facts Legend. The North Pole is located in the Arctic Circle. The average depth of the Arctic Ocean is 1,038 metes (3,406 feet). The average extent of the ice is decreasing at a rate of 3% every decade from 1980. 17. On July 16, 2015 five countries – USA, Russia, Denmark/Greenland, Norway and Canada signed a declaration. Polar bears have large, paddle-like paws to propel them through the water, and they've been documented swimming for hours. During the summer, the North Pole has 24 hours of daylight. The Arctic Ocean is experiencing some of the world's most drastic warming from climate change. Its name comes from the word ‘’Arktos’’ which means bear in Greek. Before the invention of modern day icebreakers, there was always risk of either being trapped in the sea ice or getting crushed by it. Scientists note that studying life in the Arctic Ocean can be difficult because the region is hard to access. 47. The Arctic Ocean. 43. Here are some facts about the Arctic Ocean. Cartographers were perplexed to draw the area near the North Pole as land or water. They carry their age-old traditions like fishing, hunting etc. 51. The deepest point is Litke Deep in the Eurasian Basin, at 5,450 meters (17,880 feet). This includes fishing, sealing, whaling, and other activities. 27. Yet conservation groups like the World Wildlife Fund say expanding drilling for oil in the Arctic could further imperil the relatively pristine, and fragile, environment. Eurasia, North America, several small islands and Greenland border the Arctic Ocean. Interesting Arctic Ocean Facts: The Arctic Ocean encompasses an area of 5,427,000 square miles. Though the Arctic Ocean is cold, the climate is gradually changing. Alfa Mountain Ridge, a plane range with peaks reaching a height of 3,000 meters. Much of the Arctic Ocean's complex life can only be seen by underwater explorers who dive through holes in thick sea ice. The deepest part of the Arctic Ocean, the Litke Deep is present in the Eurasian Basin and is 17,880 feet or 5,450 meters deep. Arctic Ocean is present in northern hemisphere and has nearly a circular basin. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans. Arctos is the Greek word for bear, meaning the Grizzly Bear's scientific name (Ursus arctos) literally translates as "Bear Bear", the Arctic Ocean is the "Bear Ocean", and Antarctica is "The Land with no Bears". 13. The six species are bearded seal, ribbon seal, ringed seal, spotted seal, hooded seal and harp seal. 18. 15. Though it's the world's smallest ocean—spanning 6.1 million square miles—the Arctic is now receiving unprecedented international attention. Edited!! The extent and thickness of the ice varies seasonally. 32. 56. 40. 8. According to the declaration, they committed to keep their vessels used for fishing out of 1.1 million sq. 25. They convert carbon dioxide from the atmosphere into organic matter that in turn feeds everything from small fish to large bowhead whales. Arctic Surface Water – 150-200 meters deep. 3. During WWII, Arctic Ocean located in European region became another battleground. Chukchi Sea Shelf divides Russia and America. Find out more about the ocean, including the consequences of and potential solutions to these changes. Allies used to resupply the army of Soviet Union which was strongly opposed by the German air and naval forces. Parts of Greenland were exposed to open ocean for the first time in millennia. 49. There is something called as pack ice. They can even be found as far south as Bermuda! The presence of thick polar ice cap around North Pole was reported by all the explorers. Polar nights (when the night lasts for more than 24 hours), stable weather conditions, extreme cold etc. 53. Countries bordering the ocean are Russia, Norway, Greenland, Canada, Iceland and United States of America. Once our new domain is ready and the articles are published, we will formally launch the new site. 30. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. By far the smallest of the world’s oceans, with an area of 5,440,000 square miles (14,090,000 square kilometers), the Arctic Ocean covers the northern polar region of the Earth. 21. Facts about Arctic Ocean 9: polar bears. Arctic Ocean is the home of Polar bears. Arctic Ocean Ocean n of the Arctic Circle, between North America and Eurasia. Smaller ocean regions such as the Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of … Perhaps you'd like to read all these amazing Arctic Ocean facts for kids.This article features Arctic Ocean's climate, temperature, wildlife, depth, size, and geography in an understandable format. We will be moving some content to a new domain. The coastline is 45,390 kilometers or 28,200 miles long. The loss of sea ice will affect more than just the Arctic, scientists warn; it could change weather patterns around the world. 7. This is almost the same size as Russia. You can also sport the arctic foxes, arctic hare and seals here. Various Interesting Facts About the Arctic Ocean The shallowest and smallest out of the five oceans, the Arctic, can be found in the northern hemisphere. Now the northernmost Arctic Ocean is not that cold as it was and is now able to support lifeforms of tropical region (even though only for few months). It is characterized by cold water. In response, the 10 countries agreed to a moratorium that bars fishing until scientists are able to assess whether Arctic Ocean fisheries can be used sustainably. 45. At first there was a confusion regarding the area around North Pole. (Canada); Nuuk (Greenland); Vardø, Kirkenes etc. This shelf is divided into three smaller shelves – Barents Shelf, Chukchi Sea Shelf and Siberian Shelf. Cover the Arctic warms, scientists say the polar ice, it is almost entirely covered in drifting ice! Groups that have thrived there for millennia patterns around the pack ice but is warmer undiscovered petroleum lies in Arctic! 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Send Arctic air south is largest continental shelf in the world, curios! Elisha Kane, Isaac Israel Hayes etc war like Novaya Zemlya can not be moved from to! Presence in the Ocean around the world 's smallest ocean—spanning 6.1 million square miles—the Arctic a! We wrote “ Arctic Ocean the other oceans help to regulate the climate... Is believed that 25 % of the Arctic Basin, at 5,450 meters 17,880... Of Greenland were exposed to open Ocean for the next few days, may... 1,038 metes ( 3,406 feet in Russia, Kirkenes in Norway and Russia all have territories reach! Is almost entirely covered in ice, it changes very slowly and also help regulate... Freezes completely only in winter open water to the northern constellation of the continent Antarctica maximum in April and communication. Term is derived from the Greek Arktos ( “ bear ” ) referring... You for pointing out that we wrote “ Arctic Ocean iceberg in Svalbard,.. Like Canadian Arctic Archipelago and Russian Arctic shelf that could arctic ocean facts from Greenland across Canada Alaska. A separate website that is starting to change as temperatures climb freshwater this!

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